A neighboring galaxy, Messier 82, was found 8 years ago to be firing off radio waves at alarming speed.
Described as a starburst or cigar galaxy, M82 is about a dozen light years away. In 2010, the radio waves were observed at the Jodrell Bank Observatory in England. It is reportedly traveling at four times the speed of light. Unfortunately, it is yet to be identified.
It was considered that it could perhaps be a supernova, but this was deemed unlikely due to the fact that those emissions generally diminish after weeks while the unknown object has kept on strongly over time. Also, the UK telescope system MERLIN determined a change of direction which suggested it’s movement to be superluminal.
Scientists also determined it was in the wrong location for a black hole and therefore it was more likely to be a microquasar. Again, this idea was turned aside due to the fact that microquasar emit x-rays in massive numbers and the readings on x-rays did not support it.
“We don’t know what it is”
This leaves it as an unidentifiable object, although there is still the thought that it could be a black hole outside of the usual location for this phenomenon. One scientist, Dr. Paul LaViolette, determined that it may actually be a superwave, that is an emission of cosmic ray radiation that is moving quickly out of a nucleus. This superwave theory has been generally disregarded due to the notion that cosmic rays only follow a linear trajectory.
This particular scientist went on to determine that the origin of the radio waves is likely to be the core, and the emissions which are just reaching us visually now were likely from as much as 80 years ago. He speculates further on M82 itself, why it has such a high level of supernovae activity. He determines this may be due to a superwave or two traveling through the disc and setting off a chain reaction that causes these phenomena.
Dr. LaViolette is considered a “scientific rebel”. He has published many papers on Physics and Astronomy including his own Ph.D. dissertation that deals directly with superwaves. He addresses this subject again in other papers, specifically relating unusual supernova activity in the Milky Way with superwaves, and what is happening in M82, along with the effect on Earth and our solar system such waves can create.
His theory has not yet been accepted by the scientific community and therefore the unusual, speedy radio waves of the starburst galaxy remain classified as unknown.